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Alcoholic polyneuropathy is a neurological disorder in which many peripheral nerves throughout the body malfunction simultaneously (a polyneuropathy) and is a possible result of alcoholism. Alcoholic polyneuropathy usually has a gradual onset with usually more sensory than motor symptoms, usually with the involvement of legs more than the arms. There is usually symmetric sensory loss, and painful paresthesias, though all sensory modalities may be involved. Patients also see distal weakness, muscle wasting, and decreased or absent deep tendon reflexes.
Treatment includes vitamin supplementation (especially thiamine), nutritional support, NSAIDs, and tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline). Physiotherapy is also a part of treatment. Recovery is slow, and usually happens over weeks to months.
Nervous system pathology, primarily PNS (G50-G99, 350-359)
|Nerve, nerve root|
and plexus disorders
cranial nerve: V (Trigeminal neuralgia) - VII (Facial nerve paralysis, Bell's palsy, Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, Central seven) - XI (Accessory nerve disorder)
and other disorders of the PNS
| Diseases of myoneural junction|
Myasthenia gravis - Primary disorders of muscles (Muscular dystrophy, Myotonic dystrophy, Myotonia congenita, Thomsen disease, Neuromyotonia, Paramyotonia congenita, Centronuclear myopathy, Nemaline myopathy, Mitochondrial myopathy) - Myopathy - Periodic paralysis (Hypokalemic, Hyperkalemic) - Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome