Individual differences |
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The one-year prevalence of agoraphobia is about 5 percent. Agoraphobia occurs about two times more commonly among women than men (Magee et al.,1996). The gender difference may be attributable to social/cultural factors that encourage, or permit, the greater expression of avoidant coping strategies by women (DSM-IV), although other explanations are possible.
Goodwin et al (2005) reported that the 12-month prevalence of panic disorder and agoraphobia without history of panic were estimated to be 1.8% (0.7–2.2) and 1.3% (0.7–2.0) respectively across studies.
- Goodwin, R.D., Faravelli, C., Rosi,S., Cosci,F., Truglia,E. de GraafR. and WittchenH.U.(2005)The epidemiology of panic disorder and agoraphobia in Europe. European Neuropsychopharmacology,15,4,435-443
- Magee, W. J., Eaton, W. W., Wittchen, H. U., McGonagle, K. A., & Kessler, R. C. (1996). Agoraphobia, simple phobia, and social phobia in the National Comorbidity Survey, Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 159–168.</ref>