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Adrenochrome

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Adrenochrome
Adrenochrome
General
Systematic name  ?
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Molar mass  ?.?? g/mol
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CAS number [?-?-?]
Properties
Density and phase  ? g/cm³, ?
Solubility in water  ? g/100 ml (?°C)
Melting point  ?°C (? K)
Boiling point  ?°C (? K)
Acidity (pKa)  ?
Basicity (pKb)  ?
Chiral rotation [α]D  ?°
Viscosity  ? cP at ?°C
Structure
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geometry
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Dipole moment  ? D
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
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NFPA 704
Flash point  ?°C
R/S statement R: ?
S: ?
RTECS number  ?
Supplementary data page
Structure and
properties
n, εr, etc.
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data
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Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references


Adrenochrome, chemical formula C9H9NO3, is a pigment obtained by the oxidation of adrenaline (epinephrine). The derivative carbazochrome is a hemostatic medication.

ChemistryEdit

Adrenochrome is synthesized in vivo by the oxidation of epinephrine. In vitro, silver oxide (Ag2O) is used as an oxidizing agent.[1] Its presence is detected in solution by a pink color, and turns brown upon polymerization.

LawEdit

Adrenochrome is uncontrolled in the United States. This means it is generally considered legal to buy, possess, and distribute (sell, trade or give). If sold as a supplement, sales must conform to U.S. supplement laws. If sold for consumption as a food or drug, sales are regulated by the FDA.

PsychoactivityEdit

Megavitamin therapy advocates Abram Hoffer and Humphry Osmond claimed that adrenochrome is a hallucinogenic substance and may be responsible for schizophrenia[2] and other mental illnesses. In what they called the "adrenochrome hypothesis", they speculated that megadoses of vitamin C and niacin could cure schizophrenia by reducing brain adrenochrome.[3] There has been controversy about whether adrenochrome can be classified as a psychotropic drug.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. MacCarthy, Chim, Ind. Paris 55,435(1946)
  2. Hoffer, A The Adrenochrome Hypothesis and Psychiatry. URL accessed on 2011-07-25.
  3. Hoffer, A. and Osmond, H. The Hallucinogens (Academic Press, 1967).
  4. Erowid Adrenochrome Vault

External linksEdit


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