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DAVID VICTOR KIBIIKYO (COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGIST)
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{{ProfPsy}}
   
ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS AND THE ADDICTIVE PROCESS
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:''For the subject-matter, see [[addictive behavior]]''
   
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*'''Description of subject matter covered'''
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:(From the website) ''Addictive Behaviors'' is an international scientific journal publishing research on [[substance abuse]]. The journal specifically focuses on studies related to the abuse of alcohol, drugs, and nicotine. Articles represent interdisciplinary endeavors with research in such fields as [[psychology]], [[psychiatry]], [[epidemiology]], [[medicine]], [[pharmacology]] and [[neuroscience]]. While theoretical orientations are diverse, the emphasis of the journal is primarily empirical. That is, sound experimental design combined with valid, reliable assessment and evaluation procedures are a requisite for acceptance. Uncontrolled clinical demonstrations and case studies are not accepted for publication. Priority is given to the publication of research that evaluates behavioral and/or pharmacological treatment or prevention interventions. In addition, studies of the functional relationships between substance use and any one of a combination of social, emotional, cognitive, environmental, and attitudinal factors are encouraged. Studies that clearly contribute to current knowledge of the etiology, prevention and/or treatment of substance abuse are given priority. Research on the epidemiology of substance use is also published. A limited number of reviews are published.
   
   
In many nations and people in their respective world of leaving they expericence changes in life whicmakes them have or develop changes in the way the behave and interact with othersThis can be obsevered throuh any activity, substance, object, or behavior that has become the major focus of a person's life to the exclusion of other activities, or that has begun to harm the individual or others physically, mentally, or socially is considered an addictive behavior. A person can become addicted, dependent, or compulsively obsessed with anything. Some researchers imply that there are similarities between physical addiction to various chemicals, such as alcohol and heroin, and psychological dependence to activities such as compulsive gambling, sex, work, running, shopping, or eating disorders. It is thought that these behavior activities may produce beta-endorphins in the brain, which makes the person feel "high." Some experts suggest that if a person continues to engage in the activity to achieve this feeling of well-being and euphoria, he/she may get into an addictive cycle. In so doing, he/she becomes physically addicted to his/her own brain chemicals, thus leading to continuation of the behavior even though it may have negative health or social consequences. Others feel that these are just bad habits.
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==Further details==
   
Most physical addictions to substances such as alcohol, heroin, or barbiturates also have a psychological component. For example, an alcoholic who has not used alcohol for years may still crave a drink. Thus some researchers feel that we need to look at both physical and psychological dependencies upon a variety of substances, activities, and behaviors as an addictive process and as addictive behaviors. They suggest that all of these behaviors have a host of commonalities that make them more similar to than different from each other and that they should not be divided into separate diseases, categories, or problems.
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*'''Office address'''
   
Common Characteristics Among Addictive Behaviors
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*'''Contact numbers'''
   
There are many common characteristics among the various addictive behaviors:
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*'''Web presence''' [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03064603 Website]
   
1. The person becomes obsessed (constantly thinks of) the object, activity, or substance.
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*'''Submission details'''
   
2. They will seek it out, or engage in the behaivor even though it is causing harm (physical problems, poor work or study performance, problems with friends, family, fellow workers).
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*'''Publication frequency'''
   
3. The person will compulsively engage in the activity, that is, do the activity over and over even if he/she does not want to and find it difficult to stop.
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*'''Language'''
   
4. Upon cessation of the activity, withdrawal symptoms often occur. These can include irritability, craving, restlessness or depression.
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*'''Cost etc.'''
   
5. The person does not appear to have control as to when, how long, or how much he or she will continue the behavior (loss of control). (They drink 6 beers when they only wanted one, buy 8 pairs of shoes when they only needed a belt, ate the whole box of cookies, etc).
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==Full texts available online==
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===Volume 34 (2009)===
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===Volume 33 (2008)===
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===Volume 32 (2007)===
   
6. He/she often denies problems resulting from his/her engagement in the behavior, even though others can see the negative effects.
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* Johnson, M. E., Brems, C. B., Mills, M. E., & Fisher, D. G. (2007). Psychiatric symptomatology among individuals in alcohol detoxification treatment. ''Addictive Behaviors, 32,''1745-1752. [http://www.drmillslmu.com/publications/Psychiatric%20Symptomatology%20in%20Detox.pdf Full text]
   
7. Person hides the behavior after family or close friends have mentioned their concern. (hides food under beds, alcohol bottles in closets, doesn't show spouse credit card bills, etc).
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===Volume 31 (2006)===
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===Volume 30 (2005)===
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===Volume 29 (2004)===
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===Volume 28 (2003)===
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* Wall, A. M., Thrussell, C., & Lalonde, R. N. (2003). Do alcohol expectancies become intoxicated outcomes? A test of social learning theory in a naturalistic bar setting. ''Addictive Behaviors, 28,'' 1271-1283. [http://www.psych.yorku.ca/lalonde/documents/AB_2003.pdf Full text]
   
8. Many individuals with addictive behaviors report a blackout for the time they were engaging in the behavior (don't remember how much or what they bought, how much the lost gambeling, how many miles they ran on a sore foot, what they did at the party when drinking)
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===Volume 27 (2002)===
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===Volume 26 (2001)===
9.Depression is common in individuals with addictive behaviors. That is why it is important to make an appointment with a physician to find out what is going on.
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===Volume 25 (2000)===
 
10. Individuals with addictive behaviors often have low self esteem, feel anxious if the do not have control over their environment, and come from psychologically or physically abusive families.
 
 
What Causes Addictive Behaviors
 
 
There is no consensus as to the etiology (cause), prevention, and treatment of addictive disorders. A United States government publication, "Theories on Drug Abuse: Selected Contemporary Perspectives," came up with no less than forty-three theories of chemical addiction and at least fifteen methods of treatment!
 
 
As an example of this confusion, many people consider addictive behaviors such as gambling and alcoholism as "diseases," but others consider them to be behaviors learned in response to the complex interplay between heredity and environmental factors. Still others argue for a genetic cause. Some reserchers point out that, unlike most common diseases such as tuberculosis, which has a definite cause (a microbe) and a definite treatment model to which everyone agrees, there is no conclusive cause or definite treatment method to which everyone agrees for most of the addictive behaviors.
 
 
This lack of agreement among experts causes problems with prevention and treatment approaches for many addictive behaviors. Professionals debate whether total abstinence or controlled and moderate use of a substance (such as alochol) or activity (such as gambling) is effective. Others debate whether or not a medication is a desirable treatment method. In the area of addiction to food or exercise, of course, few advocate total abstinence as a solution.
 
 
Though the theories for the causes of addictive behaviors and their treatment are numerous, various types of therapy can help a person who has an addictive behavior.
 
 
If you think you, or a family member, might be addicted to a substance, activity, object, or behavior, please talk to your family physician, clergy person, counselor, or seek out a support group for the problem. Do it today!
 
 
further reading can be got from
 
 
Seven theories of addictive behaviors
 
 
Compulsive/Addictive Behaviors - Boston University
 
 
What is spending addiction?
 
 
Theoires of addiction
 
 
[[Category:Journals]]
 
[[Category:Journals]]

Latest revision as of 18:37, April 2, 2010

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For the subject-matter, see addictive behavior
  • Description of subject matter covered
(From the website) Addictive Behaviors is an international scientific journal publishing research on substance abuse. The journal specifically focuses on studies related to the abuse of alcohol, drugs, and nicotine. Articles represent interdisciplinary endeavors with research in such fields as psychology, psychiatry, epidemiology, medicine, pharmacology and neuroscience. While theoretical orientations are diverse, the emphasis of the journal is primarily empirical. That is, sound experimental design combined with valid, reliable assessment and evaluation procedures are a requisite for acceptance. Uncontrolled clinical demonstrations and case studies are not accepted for publication. Priority is given to the publication of research that evaluates behavioral and/or pharmacological treatment or prevention interventions. In addition, studies of the functional relationships between substance use and any one of a combination of social, emotional, cognitive, environmental, and attitudinal factors are encouraged. Studies that clearly contribute to current knowledge of the etiology, prevention and/or treatment of substance abuse are given priority. Research on the epidemiology of substance use is also published. A limited number of reviews are published.


Further detailsEdit

  • Office address
  • Contact numbers
  • Submission details
  • Publication frequency
  • Language
  • Cost etc.

Full texts available onlineEdit

Volume 34 (2009)Edit

Volume 33 (2008)Edit

Volume 32 (2007)Edit

  • Johnson, M. E., Brems, C. B., Mills, M. E., & Fisher, D. G. (2007). Psychiatric symptomatology among individuals in alcohol detoxification treatment. Addictive Behaviors, 32,1745-1752. Full text

Volume 31 (2006)Edit

Volume 30 (2005)Edit

Volume 29 (2004)Edit

Volume 28 (2003)Edit

  • Wall, A. M., Thrussell, C., & Lalonde, R. N. (2003). Do alcohol expectancies become intoxicated outcomes? A test of social learning theory in a naturalistic bar setting. Addictive Behaviors, 28, 1271-1283. Full text

Volume 27 (2002)Edit

Volume 26 (2001)Edit

Volume 25 (2000)Edit

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