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(Created page with "{{BioPsy}} An '''acetate''' ({{IPA-en|ˈæsɪteɪt|pron}}) is a derivative of acetic acid. This term includes salts and esters, as well as the anion...")
 
 
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[[Intraperitoneal injection]] of sodium acetate (20 or 60 mg per kg body mass) was found to induce headache in sensitized rats, and it has been proposed that acetate resulting from oxidation of [[ethanol]] is a major factor in causing [[hangover]]s. Increased serum acetate levels lead to accumulation of [[adenosine]] in many tissues including the brain, and administration of the adenosine receptor antagonist [[caffeine]] to rats after ethanol was found to decrease [[nociceptive]] behavior.<ref>[http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0015963 'Acetate Causes Alcohol Hangover Headache in Rats'] by [[Christina Maxwell]] et al., PLoS ONE 5(12): e15963.</ref><ref>[http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn19942-is-coffee-the-real-cure-for-a-hangover.html 'Is coffee the real cure for a hangover?'] by Bob Holmes, New Scientist, Jan. 15 2011, p. 17.</ref>
 
[[Intraperitoneal injection]] of sodium acetate (20 or 60 mg per kg body mass) was found to induce headache in sensitized rats, and it has been proposed that acetate resulting from oxidation of [[ethanol]] is a major factor in causing [[hangover]]s. Increased serum acetate levels lead to accumulation of [[adenosine]] in many tissues including the brain, and administration of the adenosine receptor antagonist [[caffeine]] to rats after ethanol was found to decrease [[nociceptive]] behavior.<ref>[http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0015963 'Acetate Causes Alcohol Hangover Headache in Rats'] by [[Christina Maxwell]] et al., PLoS ONE 5(12): e15963.</ref><ref>[http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn19942-is-coffee-the-real-cure-for-a-hangover.html 'Is coffee the real cure for a hangover?'] by Bob Holmes, New Scientist, Jan. 15 2011, p. 17.</ref>
   
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==See also==
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*[[Acetylcholine]]
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*[[Acetylcholinesterase]]
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*[[Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors]]
   
   

Latest revision as of 14:59, August 14, 2011

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An acetate (Template:IPA-en) is a derivative of acetic acid. This term includes salts and esters, as well as the anion found in solution. In nature, acetate is the most common building block for biosynthesis. For example, the fatty acids are produced by connecting C2 units derived from acetate.[1]

Acetate is a common anion in biology. It is mainly utilized by organisms in the form of acetyl coenzyme A.[2]

Intraperitoneal injection of sodium acetate (20 or 60 mg per kg body mass) was found to induce headache in sensitized rats, and it has been proposed that acetate resulting from oxidation of ethanol is a major factor in causing hangovers. Increased serum acetate levels lead to accumulation of adenosine in many tissues including the brain, and administration of the adenosine receptor antagonist caffeine to rats after ethanol was found to decrease nociceptive behavior.[3][4]

See alsoEdit


Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found

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