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|steroid-5-alpha-reductase, alpha polypeptide 1|
|steroid-5-alpha-reductase, alpha polypeptide 2|
5-alpha reductase is an enzyme involved in steroid metabolism.
Note the major difference — the Δ4,5 double-bond on the A (leftmost) ring. (The other differences between the diagrams are unrelated to chemical structure.)
Production and inhibition
Inhibition of 5-alpha reductase results in decreased production of DHT, increased levels of testosterone and possibly increased levels of estradiol. Gynecomastia is a possible side effect of 5-alpha reductase inhibition.
- Main article: 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor
5-alpha-reductase inhibitor drugs are used in benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer and baldness. both isoforms are also produced in the brain, where they serve to create the neurosteroid Allopregnenolone (5AR type I) and convert T to DHT(5AR type II)(1). Finasteride inhibits the function of only one of the isoenzymes (type 2), while dutasteride inhibits both forms.
Research has indicated certain mushrooms have anti-5-alpha reductase activity.
- ↑ Killian J, Pratis K, Clifton RJ, Stanton PG, Robertson DM, O'Donnell L (May 2003). 5alpha-reductase isoenzymes 1 and 2 in the rat testis during postnatal development. Biol. Reprod. 68 (5): 1711–8.
- ↑ Thiele S, Hoppe U, Holterhus PM, Hiort O (June 2005). Isoenzyme type 1 of 5alpha-reductase is abundantly transcribed in normal human genital skin fibroblasts and may play an important role in masculinization of 5alpha-reductase type 2 deficient males. Eur. J. Endocrinol. 152 (6): 875–80.
- ↑ Pinna G, Agis-Balboa RC, Pibiri F, Nelson M, Guidotti A, Costa E (October 2008). Neurosteroid biosynthesis regulates sexually dimorphic fear and aggressive behavior in mice. Neurochem. Res. 33 (10): 1990–2007.
- ↑ Chen, S., Y.C. Kao (1997), "Binding characteristics of aromatase inhibitors and phytoestrogens to human aromatase.", The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (City of Hope, Duarte, California) 61: 107-115
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