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17-Hydroxypregnenolone

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17-Hydroxypregnenolone
17-Hydroxypregnenolone

3β,17-dihydroxypregn-5-en-20-one
IUPAC name
CAS number
387-79-1
ATC code

[[ATC_code_|]][2]

PubChem
3032570
DrugBank
[3]
Chemical formula {{{chemical_formula}}}
Molecular weight 332.48 g/mol
Bioavailability
Metabolism AdrenalGonads
Elimination half-life
Excretion
Pregnancy category
Legal status
Routes of administration

17-Hydroxypregnenolone (also 17-OH-pregnenolone and 17α-hydroxypregnenolone), is a C21 steroid that is obtained by hydroxylation of pregnenolone at the C17α position. This step is performed by the mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzyme 17α-hydroxylase (CYP17A1) that is present in the adrenal and gonads. Peak levels are reached in humans at the end of puberty and then decline.[1] High levels are also achieved during pregnancy.

ProhormoneEdit

DHEA1

17 OH–pregnenolone is converted from pregnenolone and gives rise to DHEA (below) and to 17 OH-progesterone (to its right)

17-OH-pregnenolone is considered a prohormone in the formation of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), itself a prohomone of the sex steroids.

This conversion is mediated by the enzyme 17,20 lyase . As such 17-OH-pregenolone represents an intermediary in the delta-5-pathway that leads from pregnenolone to DHEA. 17-hydroxypregneolone is also converted to 17-hydroxyprogesterone, a prohomone for glucocorticosteroids and androstenedione through the activity of 3-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase.

NeurohormoneEdit

There is some evidence that 17-OH-pregnenolone may have activity as a neurohormone.[2]

Clinical useEdit

Measurements of 17-OH-pregnenolone are useful in the diagnosis of certain forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.[3] In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency 17-OH-pregnenolone is increased, while in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency levels are low to absent.

See alsoEdit

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Additional imagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Hill M, Lukac D, Lapcik O, Sulcova J, Hampl R, Pouzar V, Starka L. Age relationships and sex differences in serum levels of pregnenolone and 17-hydroxypregnenolone in healthy subjects. Clin Chem Lab Med. 1999 Apr;37(4):439-47. PMID 10369116
  2. Matsunaga M, Ukena K, Baulieu EE, Tsutsui K 7alpha-Hydroxypregnenolone acts as a neuronal activator to stimulate locomotor activity of breeding newts by means of the dopaminergic system. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2004 Dec 7;101(49):17282-7. PMID 15569930
  3. Riepe FG, Mahler P, Sippell, Partsch CJ. Longitudinal Study of Plasma Pregnenolone and 17-Hydroxypregnenolone in Full-Term and Preterm Neonates at Birth and during the Early Neonatal Period. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (2002) 87: 4301-4306 [1]

External linksEdit

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